The National American Indian Court Judges Association (NAICJA) is a non-profit membership organization devoted to supporting American Indian and Alaska Native tribal justice systems through advocacy, education and networking. NAICJA was established in 1969, following the enactment of the federal Indian Civil Rights Act of 1968. The Act required tribes to follow certain requirements similar to those in the Bill of Rights in the U.S. Constitution. Tribal courts are the forums where those rights are enforced. NAICJA’s early goal was to provide education to tribal judges so that they could conduct proceedings in compliance with ICRA.